Divorce in Ezra Vs Malachi

 10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, “You have transgressed and have taken pagan wives, adding to the guilt of Israel. 11 Now therefore, make confession to the Lord God of your fathers, and do His will; separate yourselves from the peoples of the land, and from the pagan wives.” – Ezra 10:10-11

 16 “For the Lord God of Israel says That He hates divorce” –Malachi 2:16

For this weeks readings it wasn’t as easy to pick a blog topic due to the fact that the stories were rather short. Reading through the Old Testament alone, we see many scriptures dealing with marriage and adultery. We have heard that God does not necessarily approve of divorce so after reading the book of Ezra I asked the question, why did the Israelites have to leave their wives and their children? Does God actually hate divorce?

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This passage in Ezra was somewhat odd for me to make sense of since it’s almost ordered that all men married to foreign wives were to divorce them.

Why was it that the men should divorce their wives?

It was not Ezra’s idea to divorce their wives, but the peoples. Once they realized that they had strayed away from God by marrying themselves to foreign women they came to him and requested that they put away all of their wives. Further research showed that the Hebrew word shalach means “putting away”― a separation, as correctly translated in most Bibles. However, the King James and a number of newer versions have incorrectly translated shalach as to mean: divorce.

This situation not only affected the wives, but the children as well. The sins of the men marrying outside of their race made its way into the lives of their children. Because of the children being born of women that were considered to be unholy, the mixture of races was thought to bring some types of punishment into the families; therefore they separated themselves from their children as well.

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First we should look at the fact that the commands God had gave his people declared the marriages of foreign women were to be unlawful. According to http://www.libertygospeltracts.com/question/prequest/divcezra.htm The Bible was very clear that the people of Israel were not to marry foreigners. First, because it is wrong to marry someone that is not saved, because that person may turn away your heart from serving the Lord. Such a thing happened to Solomon. Second, the people of Israel were not only to marry JUST OTHER JEWS, but ONLY JEWS OF THEIR SAME TRIBE.

The people of Canaanites, Moabites and other neighboring cities of Jeruasalem worshipped false Gods and were forbidden. They were also doing things in these cities that God did not approve of and wanted to keep his people from getting involved.

Judah has dealt treacherously,And an abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem,For Judah has profaned The Lord’s holy institution which He loves:He has married the daughter of a foreign god. – Malachi 2:11

This verse proves that these types of marriages are unlawful right before Malachi talks about divorce. Though the statement ‘I hate divorce’ (Malachi 2:16) may (and should) be understood as a comprehensive biblical principle, the immediate context suggests that the divorce in view is that of one Jewish person by another in order to undertake subsequent marriages. If the Jews were divorcing there own women to marry women that were worshipping other Gods then these marriages would be the worst types. Evidently, people were having sexual relations between wives that they weren’t married to by scripture. Contrasting to Ezra the application of marriage in Malachi applies to legally bound marriages.

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In the book of Ezra, the people of Jerusalem are following the Laws of Moses and advised themselves to leave their foreign wives and their mixed race children behind so that they could turn back to God. Sources say, the independent character of Malachi’s attack against divorcing Jewish wives in order to marry foreign women suggests a date of composition prior to that of the work of Ezra. This earlier date is made still more likely if the reproach against mixed marriages in Malachi 2:11b is a later insertion, one that precisely reflects the preoccupations of the time of Ezra and Nehemiah.

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Elisha and his Baldheadedness

23Then he went up from there to Bethel; and as he was going up the road, some youths came from the city and mocked him, and said to him, “Go up, you baldhead! Go up, you baldhead!” 24 So he turned around and looked at them, and pronounced a curse on them in the name of the Lord. And two female bears came out of the woods and mauled forty-two of the youths.

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In 2 Kings, these verses are discussing the prophet Elisha. Elisha had been traveling through the city of Israel with Elijah, who eventually would become his successor. His job was to lead people back to God and worship only him. In this situation, Elisha was on his way to a city near Bethel, known for idolatrous worship and when he arrived some children came form the city and made fun of his head.

“Go up, you baldhead! Go up, you baldhead!” We know that Elisha is bald and according to http://carm.org/why-did-god-kill-42-lads-merely-saying-elisha-was-bald the word “baldhead” was a word of disgrace in the east even if one had a head full of hair. Apparently, lepers had to shave their heads and were considered to be outcasts. The story does not give the circumstances that led to Elisha’s baldness, so we are unsure whether or not he had hair and he shaved it off to symbolize his role of a prophet or if he went bald from natural occurrence.

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I decided to write my blog on these two verses to explore the significance behind what made the insult of Elisha’s baldness punishable by death.

The phrase “go up” in verse 23 stands the true insult, according to http://www.gotquestions.org/Elisha-baldhead.html was said to be a reference to his mentor Elijah being taken up to Heaven earlier in chapter 2. The children were being sarcastic and insulting the Lord’s prophet by telling him to go up like Elijah did. This would be looked at as an insult to God because it could be viewed as a suggestion that Elisha was not meant for the position. In a sense they were not only rejecting Elisha, they were rejecting God.

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I wondered why a death so extreme as to be mauled by bears?

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By reading the word “youth” in these verses my first thought was children and I found it somewhat disturbing; Did over three dozen children get attacked by bears? Further research showed that “youth” or “little child” didn’t necessarily mean little kids.

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I found out that evidently the phrase nerium qetannim evidently translates to refer to immature young men. These could range from ages twelve to thirty years old.

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The verse states that forty-two of the youths were mauled. The definition of mauled is to attack something by scratching or tearing. These men were literally ripped apart by the bears after he cursed them in the Lord’s name.

So, why was a bear chosen to be the sentence of death out of anything else? I looked into the meanings of bears and how they were displayed in the bible. By doing so, I found out that a bear is symbolic of power. For example, when David killed the lion and the bear in Samuel 1, he was thought to prove he had the power to take on Goliath.

To conclude my research, I found out that the youths were being punished not for per say making fun of Elisha and his baldhead but for insulting him and the Lord by telling him he was not fit to be a prophet. This could almost be looked at as blasphemy and the punishment of blasphemy is death. In Elisha’s curse, the two bears are symbols of power and the highest power in accordance to the Bible is God.

Explication of Psalm 46

The name of Psalm 46 is known as “To the Chief Musician, for the Sons of Korah, and a Song Upon Almoth.” It has also been referred to as Luther’s Psalm. The author of this Psalm doesn’t associate all of its credit to David or that it is referring his time period. However, the majority of the psalms associated with the “Sons of Korah” were written after his time.

Towards the end of the eighth century the Assyrians began to take over the Kingdom of Judah. This caused a majority of the Judean people to be sent out to Assyria, but the Lord delivered Jerusalem form the Assyrian army. Psalms 46-48 is considered a trilogy of composed songs of praise for the Lord after he delivered Jerusalem from being under the control of the Assyrians.

1God is our refuge and strength,
A very present help in trouble.

2 Therefore we will not fear,
Even though the earth be removed,
And though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea”

In any sense of trouble, the people of God will look to him as a symbol of “refuge” known as a safe place to turn in times of danger. The use of the word “strength” is used to indicate that should they be weak that the strength of God should be enough assurance to make them feel safe and that through him they are strong.

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In verse two, “though the earth is removed” is a literal sense that if the earth should change either in place or structure that God would continue to watch over them. “And though the mountains are carried into the middle of the sea” it is understood that through any change or threat to the world they would place their faith in God.

3 Though its waters roar and be troubled,
Though the mountains shake with its swelling.

4 There is a river whose streams shall make glad the city of God,
The holy place of the tabernacle of the Most High.

Verse three gives a metaphoric example of the waters of the sea. The violent ocean during a storm illustrates the excitement that occurs in the world. The “river” in verse four contrasts with the ocean to present a sense of calmness. If the earth was to turn into commotion, they would stay calm. Of course the “city of God” is referring to Jerusalem, which was where God was worshipped.

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5 God is in the midst of her, she shall not be moved;
God shall help her, just at the break of dawn.

6 The nations raged, the kingdoms were moved; 
He uttered His voice, the earth melted.

7 The Lord of hosts is with us;
The God of Jacob is our refuge.

In verse 5, word “her” is going back talking about the city of Jerusalem. The presence of God is in the city there to help them. “God shall help her” – In the sign of danger he will intervene, in this instance Jerusalem was being taken over by the Assyrian army. This expresses how much confidence the people had for the city during this time.“Just at the break of dawn”-, as we already understand, the word dawn is known as the early morning. This is a possible allusion of the angel of death that came to smite the Assyrian camp overnight and when they woke up in the morning they were all dead. In verse 6, the raging of the heathens is referring to the war declared on Jerusalem by the Assyrians. The uttering of God’s voice that melted the earth shows God’s power. The Earth had become calm again and the control of the Assyrians had stopped.

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8 Come, behold the works of the Lord,
Who has made desolations in the earth.

9 He makes wars cease to the end of the earth;
He breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two;
 He burns the chariot in the fire.

The word “desolates” means to ruin, in verse 8 it possibly refers to the power God has when he sent the angel to smite Sennacherib’s camp.

“He makes wars cease to the end of the earth” – At this time, the Assyrian army had the most power, invading and conquering kingdoms on their journey. Therefore, the overthrow of their army before it could takeover the control of India and Egypt would keep nations from fighting and there could be peace.

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10 Be still, and know that I am God;
I will be exalted among the nations,
I will be exalted in the earth!

11 The Lord of hosts is with us;
The God of Jacob is our refuge.

Verses 10 and 11 are probably the most famous verses of this psalm. The phrase to “be still” is used in the sense that they leave their matters with God because he is able to protect his people from all things.

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The line “I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth” recognize nations that maybe did not believe in him will recognize his works but the world will know that it was he that rescued the Hebrews. In conclusion, “the lord of hosts is with us”, makes it clear that in the invasion of Sennacherib, God was with them. He had saved the city and overthrew the most powerful army during that time.

Even though it isn’t certain what was occurring when this psalm was written, it is apparent that there was a sense of trouble going on around this time. Therefore, it is credited to wars throughout the city of Israel.

The Rape of Tamar

“After this Absalom the son of David had a lovely sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.”

According to sources, David was known for having at least seven wives. One of them, a woman named Maacah, bore two children- first a son named Absalom and then a daughter named Tamar. Tamar was known for her beauty and when she got older caught the attention of her half brother Amnon. He eventually became so in love with her that it caused him to go into a depression when he couldn’t have her.

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Now, Tamar and Amnon were not directly related, they both had different mothers so they were half- brother and sister. However, we still would consider this too close to be in any type of relationship with each other.

Amnon, became so obsessed with Tamar that it made himself sick when he couldn’t get her. So Jonadab said to him, “Lie down on your bed and pretend to be ill. And when your father comes to see you, say to him, ‘Please let my sister Tamar come and give me food, and prepare the food in my sight, that I may see it and eat it from her hand.’”

Jonadab was a friend of Amnon who was known for being sneaky and manipulative. He came up with a plan for Amnon that he believed would get Tamar to come take care of him. That way he could “have his way with her.” Jonadab told him to act like he was sick and bed ridden so that he could ask for Tamar to come take care of him. And he only agreed to eat if his sister was to come and prepare the food. When King David heard that his son was ill, he agreed for Tamar to go and take care of him. She didn’t think anything was odd for him to ask for her seeing as it was her brother and all.

One night she prepared a meal for him and placed it in front of him he acted as if he was so out of sorts that he still couldn’t bring himself to eat and ordered all of his servants out of the room. He then insisted that the only way he would eat the food was that if Tamar fed it to him herself. Obeying his orders, she did so and as she brought the food to his mouth he grabbed her hand and pulled her toward him.

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“But she answered him, “No, my brother, do not force me, for no such thing should be done in Israel. Do not do this disgraceful thing! However, he would not heed her voice; and being stronger than she, he forced her and lay with her.” 

She tried to fight back but he had so much power over her that she gave up. During this time period it was not uncommon to marry someone in the family but only if permission was granted by the father.

And I, where could I take my shame? And as for you, you would be like one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, please speak to the king; for he will not withhold me from you.” Amnon could have asked for his sister’s hand in marriage, but he didn’t simply love her- he had a lust for her, or a sexual desire. Tamar realized that with Amnon about to take her virginity she would not be wanted by any other man and none would marry her. She pleaded with Amnon to go talk to their father so that she would be left with some dignity and explained to him the guilt he would be left to deal with. And she was right.

“Then Amnon hated her exceedingly, so that the hatred with which he hated her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. And Amnon said to her, “Arise, be gone!”

He now hated Tamar, even more than what lust he had for her. This makes it clear that he had not loved her but his feelings for her were lustful, or a sexual desire.

When Tamar returned home, she explained to her brother Absalom what had happened and he told her to not speak of it and that she shouldn’t take it heart because it was her brother.

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What?

I thought this was the craziest thing that anybody could say, especially to his or her little sister. I mean she was just raped by her own brother. Basically telling her, “I mean at least he wasn’t a stranger right?” When she told David, he was at angry at first but kept his silence as well.

Absalom finally took matters into his own hands a whole two years later and murdered his brother Amnon.

However, I asked myself, why did David not do anything about the rape of Tamar?

I wondered if it had anything to do with the fact that David himself had lusted after Bathsheba and had committed the sin of adultery with her. Perhaps he felt as if he needed to be able to forgive his son as God had forgiven him. Even though head been forgiven, I believe he still had feelings of guilt and perhaps felt somewhat responsible and that it was a consequence from his previous actions that this occurred within his own family.

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http://www.schultze.org/oldCTO249.HTML looks at the consequences of David and sin.

I came across this quote by F.B. Meyer, “They say a man never hears his own voice till it comes back to him from the phonograph. Certainly a man never sees the worst of himself until it reappears in his child.”

Or maybe it was because of the love that David had for his children. When Absalom killed Amnon and left the country David was mad, but wanted to reunite with Absalom.

“And King David longed to go to Absalom. For he had been comforted concerning Amnon, because he was dead.”

The Lord told David that the sword would never leave his house; starting with the rape of Tamar and ultimately ending the death of his son Amnon.

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The typical punishmet of adultery in that time was to be sentenced to death, however, God had forgiven him because he repented but he faced a horrible aftermath with the suffering of his children.

Gideon and “Laying out Fleeces”

In the book of Judges, chapter 6 introduces Gideon, known as the fifth judge of Israel. At this time, the Midianites were taking over the land of the Israelites as promised by the Lord for forsaking him. They had eaten and destroyed all of the crops the Israelites had planted and brought in their own animals and tents to settle into the land. The Israelites had little to no food and did not have the manpower to take over the Midianites by themselves. They then called onto God; and he then sent a judge to deliver them. This man was Gideon.

The day an angel of God appeared to Gideon while he was in the field separating crops and was told of him what he thought was the impossible. Just as the other Israelites had done, he was hiding from the Midianites himself and the angel recognized him as the “mighty man of valor.” The angel told Gideon that he was called to save Israel. Gideon questioned the angel that if God was on the Israelites side then why was he not there when the Medianites took over their land.

“Now the Angel of the Lord came and sat under the terebinth tree which was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, while his son Gideon threshed wheat in the winepress, in order to hide it from the Midianites. 12 And the Angel of the Lord appeared to him, and said to him, “The Lord is with you, you mighty man of valor!”13 Gideon said to Him, “O my lord,[a] if the Lord is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles, which our fathers told us about, saying, ‘Did not the Lord bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the Lord has forsaken us and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.”14 Then the Lord turned to him and said, “Go in this might of yours, and you shall save Israel from the hand of the Midianites. Have I not sent you?”

God’s first task for Gideon was to destroy the Altar of Baal that the Israelites had created and build an altar of God. The unfaithfulness of the Israelites to their God was the main reason that the people in Israel were faced up against the Midianites. However, Gideon decided that he needed to be reassured that it was truly him that God sent for to do his works.

“So Gideon said to God, “If You will save Israel by my hand as You have said— 37 look, I shall put a fleece of wool on the threshing floor; if there is dew on the fleece only, and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that You will save Israel by my hand, as You have said.” 38 And it was so. When he rose early the next morning and squeezed the fleece together, he wrung the dew out of the fleece, a bowlful of water. 39 Then Gideon said to God, “Do not be angry with me, but let me speak just once more: Let me test, I pray, just once more with the fleece; let it now be dry only on the fleece, but on all the ground let there be dew.” 40 And God did so that night. It was dry on the fleece only, but there was dew on all the ground.

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What was the significance of Gideon “putting out a fleece?”

When God directed him to gather the Israelite troops to defeat the Midianite invaders, Gideon wanted to be sure it was really God’s voice he was hearing and that he understood His directions. He asked God for a sign to prove that this was truly His will. So he put out a piece of wool overnight and asked God to make it wet while keeping the surrounding dirt dry. God graciously did as Gideon asked, and in the morning the fleece was wet enough to produce a bowl of water when it was wrung out.

I recognized that we basically liken this today with the phrase “Lord, give me a sign!”

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Even after God fulfilled Gideon’s request, he asked him to do it again a second time. And yet again, it was done.

What is fleece known as today and is it acceptable?

If you’ve ever heard of the phrase laying out a fleece, it originated from this story. Some people lead it to make decisions as some miraculous sign from God.

“I wanted some doughnuts from Krispy Kreme, but the hot light wasn’t on so I figured that was God’s way of saying I didn’t need them.”

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Or the one that everyone has done,

“I’m going to close my eyes and whichever one I point to is the one I should choose”

Here is a website I found on divine signs: http://www.signsandwonders.org/archives/frontpage_sermons/divinesigns.html

In this article, it stated that we must avoid making fleeces like Gideon did. Even though he knew God’s will he still questioned it and needed to see not one but two miracles in order to follow what the Lord commanded him to do. Often times, we put out fleeces without even knowing it, for example “If I see this Sonic commercial one more time tonight then that’s a sign that I need to go get this milkshake.”

A fleece today would be looked at as a weakness of faith. We shouldn’t base our needs or callings in life waiting on signs and symbols to pop up in order to make decisions.

Even though Gideon asked for a sign from God he eventually showed his faith. God did ask him to take down an entire tribe after all.

The Curse And the Tree

Throughout Deuteronomy we see a book not much different from Exodus. Written by Moses, it reminds the Israelites of their journey to the promise land and what God expects from them while they’re there. The word Deuteronomy literally means “Second Law”, this book is a repetition of the law. What we basically see in this book is God illustrating the importance of following his word; obedience leading to reward and evil leading to punishment, so for my blog this week I wanted to discuss the meaning of there being a curse on anyone who was hanged on a tree.

“If a man has committed a sin deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23 his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that you do not defile the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is hanged is accursed of God.

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Nicholas Batzig believed that the story of Adam was reflective of what all men deserve by nature.

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“God had told Adam, “Of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it, in dying you will die” (Gen. 2:17). In the Mosaic Law, the death penalty was accompanied by a public display of justice. Death came in by virtue of Adam’s relation to the tree, therefore in the exhibition of the curse of God–in the civil law–the offending party would be hung on the tree as a reminder of that curse (Deut. 21:22). Physical death symbolized eternal death, by which the sinner was banished from God’s favorable presence. When the life of an offending party was taken away, the curse of God was displayed before the eyes of others.”

This goes back to prove the belief that we are already born with some sin.

During this time period, the punishment for most capital offenses was stoning and to be hung in public. This law however made it illegal for it to be left hanging overnight. Research shows that it’s not clear if the person should be hanged alive on the tree or after their death, but it is clear that they were placed upon it.

Amy Miller states that “those who received such a punishment had committed such a heinous act that he deserved permanent removal from the covenantal assembly of God’s people by his own death. Such an individual was under the curse of God. And by hanging the body for all to see, the object of that curse was displayed in an atmosphere of humiliation, dishonor, and shame. The body of the offender was subject to the insults and mockery of the bystanders who expressed their revulsion against such a criminal.

The Old Testament has a number of stories of people who were subjects of this type of punishment for sins such as incest, rape, murder and other things they believed were worthy of death.

The Apostle Paul goes back to relate the law of hanging from a tree to Jesus and his crucifixion on the cross in the New Testament. It made me wonder, was there a reason that Jesus was not stoned for the sins that he was thought to have committed- but instead crucified?

“Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”

I found an interesting site that asks the question, “What is the curse”? http://www.gracegems.org/Law2/d02.html

I decided to take a closer look behind the crucifixion and posed the question was Jesus considered to be crucified on a cross or a tree?

It is led to believe that the law of the curse prepared the people for Christ’s death.

Crucifixion was evidently not a Jewish practice, but was practiced by the Romans. They did not hang their criminals from trees but they considered the people that committed crimes worthy of death to be so vile and blasphemous that they must die a slow death made of a wooden platform.

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According to http://www.gci.org/jesus/risen3 “This is the exact way the Jews felt about God and is believed that this is why Paul on occasion used the Greek word for “tree” (xylon) to describe Jesus execution. “

Picture of a wooden Christian cross on Saint Cuthbert’s Isle, Holy Island, Northumberland. St Cuthbert’s Isle was a small island used as a retreat by both Aidan and Cuthbert.

Christ became the curse for us when he died on the cross. He had no sin nor did any wrongdoings but died so that we could be forgiven of our sins. Jesus was crucified on something that was made from a tree as to symbolize the curse we are all said to have- our sins.

The Meaning of Passover

The book of Exodus has always been one of my favorite books of the Bible. And even though it’s not totally historically accurate, I have seen the Prince of Egypt enough times that I could recite it. While trying to come up with a topic for this blog I had a lot of ideas going through my head. However, I decided to research the meaning of the Israelites marking their door frames with the lamb blood.

Exodus 12:6-7 reads ” Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.”

In the Old Testament when the Hebrews would sacrifice a lamb because they are said to be pure and innocent creatures. They did this as a way to compensate for their sins. A day known as Yom Kippur. John 1:29 reads “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” The blood of the lamb is symbolic of Jesus. It foreshadows the shedding of Christ blood because he was without sin.

“Get rid of the old yeast, so that you may be a new unleavened batch—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.”

What was significant about putting the blood on the door?  

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God’s command to put the blood on the door was not concentrated on who was or was not  a believer in Christ, but a matter of obedience. The Bible says in Ephesians 6:1-3 “Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. 2 “Honor your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise— 3 “so that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth.” This can be alluded to those who did not heed to the Lord’s request were punished by the death of their firstborn. He showed them that if they listen to him then they will be protected by him and blessed with life. This was the last of the ten plagues sent to punish the Pharaoh for not letting the Hebrews go. 

What happened to those that did not put the lamb’s blood on the doorframe?

“For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.” 

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The Hebrews were told for each family to sacrifice a lamb and put the blood on the side and top of the door frames as a sign of rebellion to the Egyptians. That night, the Angel of Death would come down and pass over their homes and smite the firstborn of those that did not obey.

The Passover

Passover is observed by the Jewish religion and is considered one of the most important moments in their development of the Jewish people. It recalls their slavery in Egypt and how they were set free. One source I read translated “pass over” in Exodus 12:13 in two different ways. First, God says that he will pass over the land of Egypt that night and strike all the firstborn children, both man and beast; and execute judgement. But then promises to “pass over” the homes of the ones that trusted in him to protect them from the plague of death: “The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over to you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.” In other words, when God would see the blood of the Passover lamb, he would pass over to enter the house and “cover” its occupants from the judgement of death. They also were made to prepare and serve the lamb a certain way that is recognized in modern Passover meals today.  

More information on Passover can be found here: http://endtimepilgrim.org/passover.htm

The Passover historically marks Moses being able to lead his people out of Egypt to the promised land.